Hold on to your britches folks, this post is gonna be a doozy! That is if you define doozy by using 34 pictures to illustrate how to shingle a roof.
As I mentioned in yesterday’s “Roofing Tools Of The Trade” post, we finally finished shingling our porch roof. And, of the three roofs going on with our house, this one is was in the worst condition. No joke, it was so bad it was cracking, crumbling and growing moss. No wonder it always seemed to rain inside our porch!
So while I was making a quick trip to Target, Colby started shingling the roof and snapped this pic mid progress with his iPhone, since he knew I wanted to take progress pictures. #boysshouldnotberesponsibleforphotographingprojects
I know it’s not the best of pictures. My apologies. But thankfully, Colby waited for my return before finishing the roofing project so I could photo-document the process. So here’s where we start, about an hour into shingling. But believe me, you didn’t miss much. It’s all pretty much the same process repeated over and over and over.
Shingling is super easy. You basically line up your shingles, staggering them so seams on one row don’t line up with seams on the next row, and nail them in place. So here is Colby lining up a shingle to be nailed into place.
The shingle was coming up to the ridge on the roof, an area where one side of the roof meets another side, so it just needed a little trim. This is where the snips come out to trim the excess off the shingle.
Then just nail the shingle into place. When you’re nailing shingles, make sure to nail on the non exposed shingle part. If you nail the side of the shingle that will end up exposed to wind and rain, you could compromise the effectiveness of the roofing job and the shingles could leak around the nail.
With the shingle nailed in place, you just lather, rinse, repeat and do it all over again, first lining up the shingle.
And then trimming and nailing the shingles. You start this process on the edge of the roof and work your way up to the ridge. Or in this case, this is an attached porch roof, so we shingled all the way up to where the roof met the house wall.
Keep using whole shingles up until you get to the last row.
By the time you reach the last row of shingles, chances are it’s not gonna fit. In our case, the shingle was just about an inch too wide. See how the shingle Colby is holding is just a bit wider than the one nailed to the roof in the foreground?
This is just another case of trimming down the shingle so it fits appropriately.
After trimming up the shingle, it fits perfectly in line with the other shingles.
And then just nail away, securing the shingle in its place.
In the pic above you can see how a typical shingle is split. The more solid left side of the shingle is the part that is meant to go underneath the layered looking exposed shingles. Once we got up to the house with the shingles, the final shingle needed to be just a row of the exposed side of the shingles. So Colby cut one shingle in half, cutting along the line between the two sides, and then trimmed to length.
And then nailed that final row of shingles as close to the house as possible.
This process was repeated over and over and over until the roof was completely covered with new shingles. Here, you can see Colby working the shingles on either side of the porch roof ridge. Don’t worry about the ridge at this point. Keep shingling right up to it because adding the ridge cap is the last shingling step.
Ridge cap time. After all the shingling is done, there ends up being a line where the two different directional shingles meet. In most cases it’s the actual ridge line of your roof. Our porch roof is a little different with different directions and low slopes of the roof.
When working on the ridge you use a different type of shingle. For the majority of the shingling we used architectural shingles. But for the ridge of the roof, we used three-tab, shown here.
First, Colby sliced up the three tab and trimmed it down to a house-shaped-like piece. Taking the shingle, he put it over the ridge making sure the tab portion of the shingle was pointing up towards the house.
Then the shingle was nailed in place, again making sure to only nail the shingle on the side that would be covered up by subsequent shingles.
And since this was the first of the ridge cap shingles, it needed a little trim job so Colby lined it up perfectly with the other shingles below it along the edge of the roof.
Then the process was repeated. Colby first cut off a piece of the three tab and cut it into the house like shape.
Then nailed it into place, layering it over the first shingle.
Leaving a two-shingled ridge.
And kept repeating this process, adding tab after tab after tab, working his way up the ridge until he again met the edge of the house.
When nailing the ridge cap, make sure to secure the shingle in the four corners of the shingle that will be covered up by the next shingle.
With the shingling portion of the program complete, enter the real American caulking gun hero.
The final step in roofing is securing any areas that water may leak through with Black Jack, a roofing tar that comes in caulking gun form.
For this porch roof, we had to seal up the space where the shingles met the house. To do this, Colby ran a thin and even bead of the Black Jack roofing tar using a caulking gun.
Here’s the closeup so you can see how the roofing tar fills the small gap between shingle and house.
And then he smoothed out the Black Jack bead using a piece of leftover shingle. Note, this stuff is super messy thus why Colby is using a broken shingle to smooth the bead instead of his finger, like you would when caulking interior trim.
As he was smoothing out the bead of Black Jack roofing tar, he also made sure to cover up any exposed nail heads along the edge of shingles up next to the house.
With all the gappages sealed up and roofing nail heads covered, we officially called this porch roof complete. Woo to the hoo, where is our ticker tape parade?! Seriously!
So hopefully this wasn’t too confusing for you and we were of some assistance for those of you who are looking to tackle your own roofing project. If you have any questions or if I should clarify anything, please let me know. And is it painfully obvious that I’m not the roofer in the family?! That’s all Colby! Painting is more my thing. Oh painting how I miss thee! It’s been…what…a week since I’ve painted anything?! I’m having withdrawals. Quick, someone get me a paint brush!
Pssst…You can catch up with the whole “Roofing With The Campbells” series starting with the intro about why we needed to shingle our roof, then how to calculate shingle quantity, followed by the “roofing team” shingling the main house, and then yesterday’s roofing tools of the trade post.
It’s official…we are completely done roofing our house. A few weeks ago we shared with you our “roofing the main part of the house” story where my brother Anthony, his friend Adam, and Colby managed to hammer out (pun 100% intended) re-shingling the main section of the house. That just left the much smaller porch roof to shingle, which took us precisely one Sunday morning to complete. And by we I really mean Colby since he pretty much did the whole thing while I took a quick trip to Target. Tomorrow I’ll get into the details of “How To Shingle Your Roof” but today I thought I would bring you the “Roofing Tools Of The Trade” as part of our little “Roofing With The Campbells” series.
Roofing tools aren’t something we would necessarily purchase for our own use. They’re not something that we would use often, especially roofing nailers, thus we went the route of borrowing my brother’s equipment, since he shingles roofs for a living. But if you so happen to want to go the extra step and purchase tools to do your roof, I’ve compiled a little list of some the tools and equipment you need. All of the products (and pictures) below come from Lowes, but can be found in pretty much any hardware store.
A roofing nailer is pretty much one of the most important tools you will use. This pneumatic Hitachi nailer costs a whopping $269 but is worth every penny considering the amount of nails you will go through.
You don’t want to be nailing each of those suckers by hand. It sure makes for a LONG day. The Hitachi nailer is one that my brother uses and swears by. Supposedly…it has even survived a few drops from the roof.
2. Air Hose
Air hose is kind of a given considering the nailer is pneumatic and needs to run off compressed air. When looking for air hose, make sure to buy the right diameter so it fits your tool. Also consider the length that you’ll need since your compressor will most likely be on the ground while you’re working on the roof with the nailer. This air hose is another “my brother swears by this” recommendation. In fact, I ran out to Lowes mid-job to pick up another coil for the roofing team. A certain husband of mine just so happened to shoot a nail through the air hose they were using. Whoops. Turns out that air hoses don’t work so well with holes in them. #accidentpronehusbands
A compressor is also absolutely necessary if you’re going to be running pneumatic nailers. There are non-pneumatic roofing nailers out there like the Paslode system, but they cost some serious coin. And I’ve heard they’re a little less reliable than good ol’ compressed air nailers. But a compressor is versatile in that you can run an entire fleet of air tools off of it. We borrowed one of my brother’s compressors but it is a piece of shop equipment that Colby is jonesing for.
And to go with it you’ll also need utility knife blades.
These blades are specific to roofing. They’re hooked allowing you to cut materials with them such as shingles, linoleum, carpet, fabric and more. These particular blades, which are made by Bostitch, are specifically meant to cut shingles because of the deeper hook. Cutting shingles is one job that occurs often while roofing. You can either go this route (utility knife/hook blades) or you can go the snip route.
Snips are another option for cutting and slicing down shingles to make them fit. This was the method of choice for both my brother and Colby. They used the 10″ snips quite often, so often that Colby developed one serious blister/burn and I swear his hand is going to fall off any day now. It’s so gross. Maybe it’s time to amputate! I kid, I kid. Anyway, the crew chose to use snips mostly because of the amount of utility knife blades they would end up having to use. Blades don’t stay sharp forever and snips seem to last alot longer.
or 8. Adjustable Roof Brackets
Are another necessity. They help the job go alot more smoothly and safely with the addition of a plank. The roof brackets help provide a work surface so you don’t slide off the roof. The only difference between the adjustable brackets and the fixed brackets, is that with the adjustable brackets you can change the angle. So depending on the angle of your roof, you can change the angle of the platform so it’s more parallel with the ground.
No brainer, right?! You gotta get up on that roof somehow. Just make sure that when you’re shopping for a ladder that you get an extension ladder long enough to reach your roof surface. This is one “every homeowner should own” item that we still don’t have. But we have a neighbor with one that has given us free use of the ladder whenever we want. It’s convenient. In fact, we pretty much commandeered that ladder for the majority of the summer. It still might be in our yard but I swear we’re returning it soon!
So these are the basic tools necessary for roofing. It’s by no means an all-inclusive list and you still need some of the basics like a caulking gun for roof tar, a hammer for errant nails, and good gripping work gloves. But these tools should give you an idea of what you might want to beg, borrow, or steal from those you know if you’re trying to tackle your own roof. Scratch that…I by no means encourage anyone to steal from their friends or family but feel free to beg away.
Pssst…I’ll be back tomorrow with a big ol’ roofing how to. I’m warning you now, it’s a doozy! And just to be clear, I was not paid or perked by Lowes to showcase their products. But if Lowes is reading, feel free to hook a blogger up! Haha!
It’s official…we can stick a fork it in. Our roofing project is done-zo!
Instead of “Roofing With The Campbells”, I should have named the series of this post “Roofing With Mr. Campbell, Angie’s Brother, And His Friend Adam While Angie Snapped Pics From The Driveway.” But that was just too long of a title. I’m not gonna lie. I helped for about two hours on this project and by helped I mean I ripped open a few shingle bundles, cleaned up the yard mess, and launched a few bundles of shingles up the ladder lift (that was FUN!). But then there was alot of sitting around on my part, since I’m petrified of ladders past the fourth rung. So I got bored and chugged along on my Pinterest Challenge project instead. Oh, and before I forget, here’s a shot of the ladder lift for those who don’t know what I’m talking about:
It was a savior. The guys kept talking about how it’s a pain to lug shingles up and down ladders all day. And it makes sense. Each of those bundles weighs 80 lbs and there were 33 of them. The ladder lift is a motorized lift attached to a ladder that lifts the shingles up to the roof. Total back saver! But back to the shingling. I owe my brother Anthony a huge thank you for coming down and helping us! HUGE!
He’s a pro, literally a pro. He shingles roofs for a living, along with other general contractor type work. I was so amazed at how fast he worked. No offense Colby, I love ya and all, but Anthony out shingled you.
Anthony and his buddy Adam (you can kind of see him peaking out over the dormer in the above pic) came down Friday night after they finished up at their jobs, crashed at our house, and were up bright and early shingling away. And by bright and early I really mean about 9 am or so after breakfast was served and what not. But it didn’t take them long to setup and get cracking. They had all the tools including multiple pneumatic nail guns, a compressor, hundreds of feet of air hose, the shingle lift, roofing brackets, and even back up nails. They were like Boy Scouts they were so prepared! They even had backup caulking guns for when ours bit the dust.
We were lucky that we could hammer out the roof (pun totally intended) in one weekend thanks to being able to shingle right over our old shingles. Generally speaking, you can shingle over old shingles but it voids the warranty on them. Most people shingle over if there’s only one layer but strip the roof if there are two layers. To do it “right” you have to strip the old shingles, dispose of them, add underlayment and re-shingle. With hurricane Sandy beating down on us and frankly not wanting to strip a roof, we chose to shingle over. But we still should get at least 10-15 years out of our current shingling job.
In total we got the roof done in a day and a half instead of what probably would have been over a week if we had stripped it. We could have gotten the roof done in a day but there was a period of roof lounging with adult beverages going on. But it was well deserved.
The most difficult and time consuming part of the shingling process was tackling the dormers. They involved lots of strange cuts and finagling, or should I say shinagling, going on. Once the crew got past the dormers it was smooth sailing.
Since it gets dark super early here these days (seriously…the sun sets around 5:30 now), the crew quit just shy of finishing the job. Anthony and Adam staid another night so they could help us finish in the morning, despite Colby and I declaring we could finish it ourselves. Seriously…they rock. The next morning Colby, Anthony and Adam quickly finished up and I was there to photo document that last climb down that dang ladder!
I’m pretty sure Colby’s legs fell off from leg exhaustion just after I snapped that pic. My hubby is tired! So thank you, thank you, THANK YOU Anthony, Adam and of course Colby for helping us with our roof. It wouldn’t have gone so well without you. You were quite the crew (Goose included).
By the way, Goose is so sad his house guests have left. He’s been sulking in the corner since Anthony and Adam left. They were BFFs all weekend. I’m pretty sure Anthony and Goose were spooning on the couch last night. So now we have a freshly shingled roof and couldn’t be happier. And it’s only a day away from severe rain, flooding and winds coming our way courtesy of hurricane Sandy. Here’s to no interior floods when the hurricane beats down on us! I know you can’t tell the roof is new in this pic, but trust me, it’s new.
Technically, we’re not done yet. Colby and I still have the porch roof to shingle. And yes, I really do mean “I”. I’m helping Colby shingle the porch since it’s much lower to the ground and way less steep and the odds of me falling off of it and to my imminent death is less likely. I’m quite excited to wield a roofing nailer! So I’ll be back with some serious how-to’s for any of you crazies who are looking for some info about shingling your own home.
Pssst…So I made a few changes to the sidebar of the bliggity-bloggity. I finally got the tabber widget to work and pseudo stylized. I’m still trying to figure out how to get rid of that drop shadow in the text so if anyone has an idea of how to do that, I welcome help! There’s about four hours of my life spent Googling “text drop shadow” that I can never get back. AND there’s a new little tab on the sidebar for the “$#*! My Husband Says” series. It links to a page full of Colby quotes. If you need a good laugh…click away!
As promised yesterday when I introduced our little “Roofing With The Campbells” series where we’ll be chronicling the task of re-shingling our home, today is the big “How To Calculate Shingle Quantity” post. And of course what would an epic bloggy series be without an equally epic logo?! That’s what I thought!
Before we could even begin to shingle our roof, we needed to figure out how many shingles we needed to buy. We have three roofs on our house (from left to right): the porch roof, main roof, and the kitchen addition roof. The roof we’re focusing on is the main roof, which is a very traditional roof for this area…aka…steep old farmhouse style.
Calculating the shingle quantity for the roof seemed like a daunting task but it really was quite simple. No measurements needed since we knew the dimensions of the house and the angle of the roof. But you could always just hop on up and measure away at the roof. But we left it up to our mad geometry skills to calculate the surface area of the roof. Just when you thought that the SATs would be your last go around with geometry…it’s back to haunt us. It’s all about triangles, rectangles and slope. So here we go…a “How To Calculate Shingle Quantity” tutorial complete with visual aids (I feel like I’m in school again giving a presentation).
First up, we needed to calculate the angle of the roof. This was pretty simple in our case since Colby just knew that it was a 45 degree angle. He knew this because he had been working in the attic and noticed that the rafters formed a perfect 90 degree angle. This is pretty common in old homes where the angle of the roof is essentially a slope of one. Meaning that rise over run is equal meaning a=b. This made the calculations of “c” much easier since the formula to calculate the hypotenuse of the triangle (the height of the roof) c = square root of “a” squared plus “b” squared.
We knew the width of the house was 22′ so we divided it by two to come up with “b”. Knowing “b” meant that we knew “a” since a=”b” when you have a right angle triangle with two 45 degree angles. When we plugged in our dimensions, we ended up with a roof height of 15.556 feet (c).
Once you know the height of the roof (c), you just multiply it by the length of the roof (d) to come up with the surface area for the roof. But before we could do this, we added in an extra foot to the roof height (c) to factor in the roof overhang.
The length of our house was also a number we were familiar with thanks to the house inspection documents from when we bought the house. So when we plugged in our dimensions, we had a surface area of about 430 square feet.
Since this calculation was just for one side of the roof, we multiplied it by two to get total square feet of roof of 860 square feet. Then we converted square footage into shingle bundles. There are 33.3 square feet in each shingle bundle so simply divide the square footage by 33.3 to get the total number of bundles needed for your roof.
Our total for the main roof ended up being 25.85 bundles, but we rounded up a little bit to factor in the shingles needed for the dormers, the porch roof (might as well tackle that while we’re at it) and for mistakes…I mean…Bob Ross “happy accidents”. In total, it worked out to be 33 bundles. If for some reason we have extra bundles (fingers crossed all our calculations pan out) we can always return them.
So now we have 33 bundles of shingles and 2 bundles of ridge cap sitting in our driveway waiting to be attached to our roof. It’s going to be a loooooong weekend of roofing for the boys while I’m Pinterest-Challenge-ing away. So stay tuned for more riveting roofing action and a big Pinterest Challenge project reveal next week. I promise not to disappoint!
Pssst…So now that you all know what we’re up to this weekend, it’s time for you guys to dish! What’s on your big to-do list this weekend? Or anyone just throwing caution to the wind and ditching your to-dos for a little fun and games?!
Colby and I have some big plans coming up in the oh so near future, as in this weekend. I pretty much gave away the milk for free with the blog post title, so I’m just going to
spray it spit it out. We’re about to shingle our own house. AND I’m going to blog the heck out of it in a little series I like to call “Roofing With The Campbells”.
Actually, we should call it “Roofing With Mr. Campbell” since Mrs. Campbell is nothing more than a cute accessory to the roofing shenanigans that are about to ensue. But I’m going to try my darndest to be “helpful”. You know…like lugging a few shingles, picking up the mess, and photographing everything while incessantly asking Colby, “so what are you doing now?”. So now that you know what we’re up to, let’s step back and cover the why. You see, our roof is leaking…leaking uncontrollably.
See…there’s a reason we haven’t done anything in the guest bedroom since sheet rocking it way back here. Shortly after sheetrocking the room, the roof started leaking like a sieve. Kind of like a University of New Hampshire men’s hockey goalie (my fellow Maine hockey fans 100% understand that dig). I then vowed to not do any more work in the guest room until we fixed the roof since nobody likes to do finish work only to redo it months later after getting water damaged. We don’t need no soggy sheetrock!
We first noticed the leakiness in this room back in June during a torrential rainstorm. Water was pouring into the room onto the dressers we were storing in the there. Hence the bucket:
After the rain stopped, Colby went up on the roof to check things out and he found a roof in poor, poor condition. Seriously…our roof wasn’t even collecting unemployment it was so poor! There were gaps and damaged shingles everywhere, especially on the sunnier, East side of the house. He knew that there were way too many damaged shingles to just patch it, although he did temporarily patch a few spots with roof tar which made a huge difference in the short term. But the roof tar wouldn’t hold forever and we knew we had to shingle the upper level of our roof.
We waited until after all the wedding hoopla calmed down and until we saved up enough pennies to purchase roofing materials, which we budgeted at about $1,200. The shingles were delivered earlier this week and we’re set to go for this weekend.
So while I’m tackling my Pinterest Challenge project, Colby and my super handy has-all-the-roofing-tools-one-could-ever-need brother who is graciously coming over to help, will be roofing their hearts out. I’ll have more info coming at you about the how we did it, what worked and what didn’t work, and a budget breakdown starting tomorrow with a “How To Calculate The Amount Of Shingles To Order” post. Until then,
shake it sleazy keep it classy readers
Pssst…By the way, I’m unsuccessfully attempting to make some styling changes to the ol’ blog. So if you notice any random wonkiness going on, bear with me, it’s just me messing with CSS and HTML trying to change things up for the better. Fingers crossed I don’t delete the blog or turn it hot pink or something equally crazy!